Span classnews_dtsep 29 1996spannbsp018332aldous huxley brave new world the artificial womb exists in tokyo researchers have developed a technique called eufi extrauterine fetal incubation.
As for the second point there have been major advances in the realm of artificial placentas in fact that developing technology is why new records for fetal prematurity.
In a normal uterus the myometrium of the uterine wall functions to expel the fetus at the end of a pregnancy and the endometrium plays a role in forming the placenta an artificial uterus may include components of equivalent function.
Artificial womb articles since 2005 ive scanned the internet for new articles from around the world that interest me or i think will interest you i avoid listing sites with too many ads are just regurgitating other articles or are mainly focused on politics or religion.
Katherine don at the atlantic recently laid out the significant technical problems any attempt to develop an artificial uterus would face 1 we actually dont know that much about the placenta the idea of the artificial womb would be less farfetched if we knew more about the organ we were trying to replicate.
If anyone is working on a eugenics program at present they can use surrogate mothers and dont really require an artificial uterusunless we imagine a society that routinely forcefully sterilizes all females so that whoever has the artificial uterus has a monopoly on reproduction ectogenesis does not relate particularly to those 1920s issues.
Meanwhile the proectogenesis argument is that artificial wombs could make life easier and safer for mothers and fetuses not to mention allow women who have damaged or medically dysfunctional uteruses to bear children.